Environmental Impact Assessment is essential for an ecologically sustainable development. The industrial and other activities of man have an impact on physical, chemical and biological processes occurring in the environment. The problems of soil and water quality in and around industries are attracting attention for the last couple of decades due to unscientific industrialization, indiscriminate disposal of solid/liquid waste and extensive use of chemicals. The comprehensive analysis is may address the soil/water quality issues in industrial areas. In this work we have taken Pharmaceutical industry as case to study the water/soil quality. The water/soil analyzed sample values are used for the preparation of Soil Quality Index (SQI) & Water Quality Index (WQI). The emerging technologies Remote sensing, GIS, GPS and field studies are used for the generation of various thematic maps. The spatial distribution maps of soil and water quality parameters are generated using ArcGIS software for assessing the impact levels around the industry. Based on the findings of pollution impact levels, the suitable remedial measures are suggested along with a proforma of Environmental Management Plan.
Wetlands are vital water bodies, as crucial in a natural ecosystem as kidney in a human body. Apart from being highly productive as the habitat of birds, fishes and a variety of other aquatic life forms-micro-organisms. Wetlands provide other ecosystem services from maintaining the natural balance and for sustaining human livelihoods. Overall wetlands all over the country are exhibiting varying degrees of environmental degradation caused by encroachments, Eutrophication, siltation, urbanization and anthropogenic activities. There is also a misconception that wetlands are only wastelands. As a result, many precious wetlands have been converted to other uses all over in the world. Highly adaptable solutions must be found to permit development activities, including tourism,subsistence agriculture, and conservation of wildlife to be each given a fair share' of the one biome the wetland. This book provides an overview of the wetland study including flora, avifauna, management and restoration measures. It contains methodology of avifaunal survey, water quality analysis and WQI. It should be especially useful to those who are working in the field of wetland and environment conservation.